Effect of Smoking on Success of Dental Implant Placement
Dental implants are titanium devices that are implanted into the jawbone to support new teeth. Implants are strong and stable thanks to the natural bone-building process. Once the tooth implants have been inserted into the jawbone, the bone will fuse with the biocompatible titanium.
This is a complex process that includes many critical steps, all of which can be derailed by nicotine or any of the 4,000 toxins that can be found in cigarettes. Nicotine constricts blood vessels and reduces the flow of nutrients and blood to the healing implant site. This can lead to delayed healing, an increased risk of complications, and a higher risk of implant failure.
A recent study by the Guarulhos University in Brazil underscored the importance of smoke-free healing. During the study, which included thirteen smokers and eleven nonsmokers, implants were placed in each participant. They were prescribed antibiotics to prevent infection. After two months, the implants and tissues were removed so that researchers could analyze bone density in and around the implant.
The difference between the two groups was significant: bone density in nonsmokers was forty-six percent and just twenty-eight percent for nonsmokers. The bone-to-implant surface results were similar with an area of forty percent in nonsmokers and just twenty-six percent in smokers.
Tobacco use can affect your smile in many ways, including a higher risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease. It can increase your risk of tooth loss and complicate the healing process with dental implants and other restorations. Quitting before surgery and throughout the healing process will give you the best chance of a successful outcome. Call Dr. Frame today to schedule your consultation or to learn more.
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