Gum Disease Causes
Gum disease is the biggest cause of tooth loss in people over 35. Unfortunately, it also affects more than half of all people over 35. Understanding the causes of this common condition may just help you avoid it and keep your healthy smile for a lifetime.
Plaque is a sticky biofilm that is constantly forming on teeth. It contains bacteria, food debris, and saliva, and it stays on your teeth until it is physically removed. Plaque is most likely to accumulate near the gums where it can irritate them. Over time, gums can become inflamed and infected by the bacteria in plaque. This causes them to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. Good brushing and flossing habits and regular visits with Dr. Frame, our dentist in Santa Clara, can help keep plaque under control.
Poor dental hygiene is one of the biggest causes of gum disease. However, your risk may be higher if you smoke, chew tobacco, or have a family history of the condition. You may also be more susceptible to gum disease if you are older, have a chronic or systemic condition, take certain medications, or are female.
If you notice early signs of gum disease, such as swollen or bleeding gums, prompt treatment can help reverse it. A deep cleaning may be needed. More advanced cases of gum disease may require treatment with antimicrobials or surgery. Contact us today to learn more about keeping your smile healthy or to schedule your appointment with Dr. Frame, our expert in periodontal treatments in Santa Clara.
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