Gum Disease, Its Symptoms and Treatments

Gum Disease, Its Symptoms and TreatmentsGum disease is a very common bacterial infection of the gums. While early gum disease often goes unnoticed by those who have it, advanced cases can cause tooth loss, systemic infections, and other complications. Poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, heredity, diabetes, and pregnancy are among the many causes of gum disease. Understanding this condition, as well as how it is diagnosed and treated at CitiDent is essential for patients who seek optimal oral health.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Patients who are in the initial stages of gum disease often notice tenderness in their gums and bleeding when they brush and floss. The gums may recede, and bad breath may appear as bacteria grow out of control. Eventually, loosening and loss of teeth may occur and signs of serious infection, such as abscesses, may appear.

Treatments for Gum Disease

Like many other conditions, gum disease may require a variety of treatments depending on its stage. Early gum disease, called gingivitis, may respond to simple improvements in home dental hygiene. Scaling and root planing, also known as deep cleaning, may be necessary to clear bacteria off of the tooth roots beneath the gums. For advanced periodontitis, our dentist may recommend gum flap surgery, in which incisions are made in the gums to reach bacteria trapped more deeply along the tooth roots.

Gum disease has been linked to a number of systemic diseases, including heart disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Early detection and treatment is crucial to stopping and reversing the condition. At a consultation with Dr. Temlock, our periodontist in San Francisco, patients can learn more about gum disease and options for treating it.

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